Concern 5. The fresh new intensity of hydronium ion when you look at the acidic boundary solution hinges on this new proportion regarding concentration of the new weakened acid toward focus of its conjugate base present in the clear answer. i.elizabeth.,
dos. Brand new weak acid is actually dissociated merely to a tiny the total amount. Additionally on account of well-known ion effect, the fresh new dissociation try next pent-up and therefore the latest balance intensity of brand new acidic is nearly equal to the initial concentration of the unionised acid. Furthermore brand new intensity of the new conjugate legs is almost equal to the original intensity of the additional salt.
3. [Acid] and you may [Salt] represent the original intensity of the latest acidic and you may salt, respectively used to prepare yourself this new shield services.
Question 6. Explain about the hydrolysis of salt of strong acid and a strong base with a suitable example. Answer: 1. Let us consider the neutralisation reaction between NaOH and HNO3 to give NaNO3 and water. NaOH(aq) + HNO3(aq) > NaNO3(aq) + H2O(1)
3. Water dissociates to a small extent as H2O(1) H + (aq) + OH – (aq) Since [H + ] = [OH – ], water is neutral.
cuatro. NO3 ion is the conjugate base of strong acid HNO3 and hence it has no tendency to react withH + ,
Get Henderson – Hasselbalch picture Respond to: step one
5. Also Na is the conjugate acidic of your own strong legs NaOH and contains zero tendency to act that have OH
six. It indicates that there is zero hydrolysis. In such instances [H + ] (OH – ), pH try managed so there fore the answer is neutral.
Question 7. Explain about the hydrolysis of salt of strong base and weak acid. Derive the value of Kh for that reaction. Answer: 1. Let us consider the reaction between sodium hydroxide and acetic acid to give sodium acetate and water. NaOH(aq) + CH3COOH(aq) \(\rightleftharpoons\) CH3COONa(aq) + H2O(1)
3. CH3COO is a conjugate base of the weak acid CH3COOH and it has a tendency to react with H + from water to produce unionised acid. But there is no such tendency for Na + to react with OH –
4. CH3COO – (aq) + H2O(1) CH3COOH(aq) + OH – 3 and therefore [OH – ] > [H + ], in such cases, the solution is basic due to the hydrolysis and pH is greater than 7.
Equation (1) x (2) Kh.Ka = [H + ] [OH – ] [H + ] [OH – ] = Kw Kh.Ka = Kw Kh value in terms of degree of hydrolysis (h) and the concentration of salt (c) for the equilibrium can be obtained as in the case of Ostwald’s dilution law Kh = h 2 C and [OH – ] =
Question 9. Explain about the hydrolysis of salt of strong acid and weak base. Derive Kh and pH for that solution. Answer: 1. Consider a reaction between strong acid HCl and a weak base NH4OH to produce a salt NH4CI and water
2. NH4 is a strong conjugate acid of the weak base NH4OH and it has a tendency to react with OH- from water to produce unionised NH4 as below,
step three. There’s no such as for instance interest found because of the Cl – and this [H + ] > [OH – ] the solution are acidic and pH is below seven.
Question 10. Discuss about the hydrolysis of salt of weak acid and weak base and derive pH value for the solution. Answer: 1. Consider the hydrolysis of ammonium acetate CH34(aq) > CH3COO – (aq) + NH + 4(aq)
Kent Wells Executive officer experienced with a demonstrated story of more than a decade that works in the industry of Fine Arts developing more than a hundred collections of private and corporate art. Author of two books, contemporary art curator shows nationally and internationally. Creative designer and curator of art-centered experiences.